Under Construction

Theclini Swainson 1831

Andrew V. Z. Brower
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
taxon links [up-->]Esakiozephyrus [up-->]Habrodais [up-->]Teratozephyrus [up-->]Antigius [up-->]Neozephyrus [up-->]Protantigius [up-->]Leucantigius [up-->]Goldia [up-->]Thecla [up-->]Favonius [up-->]Cordelia [up-->]Artopoetes [up-->]Chaetoprocta [up-->]Howarthia [up-->]Proteuaspa akikoae [up-->]Hypaurotis [up-->]Iratsume [up-->]Araragi [up-->]Chrysozephyrus [up-->]Thermozephyrus [up-->]Wagimo [up-->]Shirozua [up-->]Austrozephyrus [up-->]Quercusia [up-->]Shaanxiana takashimai [up-->]Japonica [up-->]Saigusaozephyrus [up-->]Euaspa [up-->]Yamamotozephyrus [up-->]Ussuriana [up-->]Ravenna [up-->]Sibataniozephyrus [up-->]Amblopala [up-->]Coreana [up-->]Gonerilia [up-->]Laeosopis [down<--]Theclinae Interpreting the tree
close box

This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

close box
Containing group: Theclinae


A relatively uniform tribe of medium-sized to large and showy hairstreaks. The center of diversity is in temperate Asia, with some members extending to the Nearctic and southeast Asia. Many of the larvae feed on various deciduous hardwood tree species. Many new taxa have been described since the 1950's by Japanese and Chinese researchers.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Phylogenetic relationships as implied by Eliot (1973) and Hsu and Lin's cladistic analysis of the Quercusia group (1994). Eliot based the subgroups within the Thecla section on the revision of Shirozu and Yamamoto (1956). Many of these genera contain only one or a few species and appear to be quite closely-related to one another. If the aim of erecting a genus is to provide a hypothesis of grouping, then it is evident that these taxa are oversplit.


Bridges CA. 1988. Catalogue of family-group and genus-group names (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Charles A. Bridges, Urbana, IL.

Eliot JN. 1973. The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative arrangement. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28: 371-505, 6 pls.

Hsu, Y.-F. & Lin, M.-Y. 1994 Systematic position of Sibataniozephyrus and description of a new speceis from Taiwan (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). J. Lepid. Soc. 48, 129-147.

Shirozu T & H Yamamoto. A generic revision and the phylogeny of the tribe Theclini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Sieboldia 1: 329-421, 51 pls.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Laeosopis roboris
Location Failde, Braganša, Portugal
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Laeosopis roboris (Esper, 1789)
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Carlos Franquinho
Scientific Name Thecla betulae
Location Qua▀liner Moor, Brandenburg, Germany
Acknowledgements Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation license, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation license".
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Image:Thecla_betulae.jpeg
Source Collection Wikimedia Commons
Copyright © Kristian Peters
Scientific Name Quercusia quercus
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Image:Neozephyrus_quercus-04_%28xndr%29.jpg
Source Collection Wikimedia Commons
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 2.5.
Copyright © 2007 Svdmolen
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Theclini Swainson 1831. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Theclini Swainson 1831. Version 24 April 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Theclini/111487/2008.04.24 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page