Note

Taxa Associated with the Family Architeuthidae Pfeffer, 1900

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June 2002)

Nominal Genus-Level Taxa

Architeuthus [Architeuthis] Steenstrup, 1857:183.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Nomen tantum; see Hoyle (1910:407-408)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 by subsequent designation of Hoyle (1910:408)]

Architeuthis Steenstrup In Harting, 1860:11.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Hoyle (1910:408)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Architeuthis dux Steenstrup In Harting, 1860 by subsequent designation of Hoyle (1910:408)]

Dinoteuthis More, 1875:4527.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Pfeffer (1912:15)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Dinoteuthis proboscideus More, 1875 by monotypy

Dubioteuthis Joubin, 1900:102.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Pfeffer (1912:15)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Dubioteuthis physeteris Joubin, 1900 by monotypy

Megaloteuthis Kent, 1874:181.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Verrill (1879-1880:197)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Megaloteuthis harveyi Kent, 1874 by monotypy

Megateuthis Hilgendorf, 1880:65.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Pfeffer (1912:15)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Megateuthis martensii Hilgendorf, 1880 by monotypy

Mouchezis Velain, 1877:81, text-fig 8.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Hoyle (1910:411)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Mouchezis sancti-pauli Velain, 1877 by monotypy

Plectoteuthis Owen, 1881:156.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Verrill (1880-1881:401)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Plectoteuthis grandis Owen, 1881 by monotypy

Steenstrupia Kirk, 1882:286.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Preoccupied and synonym of Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Verrill (1882:477)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Steenstrupia stockii Kirk, 1882 by monotypy

Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Loligo bouyeri Crosse and Fischer, 1862:138.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthid? [fide Gervais (1875:93)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Canary Islands[?]

Architeuthis clarkei Robson, 1933:682, text-figs 1-7, pl 1.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Undetermined
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1933.1.30.5 plus 1926.3.31.24 (radula + beak) [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:106)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Scarborough Beach, Yorkshire

Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857:183.

Nomen tantum.

Architeuthis dux Steenstrup In Harting, 1860:11, pl 1 fig 1A.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Nesis (1987:218)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMUC Holotype [fide Kristensen and Knudsen (1983:222)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 31°N, 76°W (Atlantic Ocean)

Plectoteuthis grandis Owen, 1881:156, pls 34-35.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis sp. [fide Pfeffer (1912:2)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype [fide Owen (1881:156)] [not traced by Lipinski et al. (2000)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Loligo hartingii Verrill, 1875b:86, fig 28.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Architeuthis hartingii [fide Verrill (1879-1880:240)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- University of Utrecht as Architeuthis dux, identification by Harting
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Megaloteuthis harveyi Kent, 1874:181.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis sp.
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- YPM Type 12600y [fide S.S. Berry unpublished notes at NMNH]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Conception Bay, Newfoundland

Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912:27.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Unresolved
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; Holotype [= Mitsukuri and Ikeda (1895:39-50, pl 10)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Tokyo Bay

Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887:155.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) [fide Forch (1998:89)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNZ Holotype M.125404 plus ?M.125406 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Cape Campbell, New Zealand

Architeuthis longimanus Kirk, 1888:34, pls 7-9.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) [fide Forch (1998:89)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNZ Holotype; specimen not located [fide Marshall (1996:46)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Lyall Bay, New Zealand

Architeuthis? monachus Steenstrup, 1857:184.

Nomen tantum.

Architeuthis monachus Steenstrup In Harting, 1860:11.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962:154)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMUC Holotype [fide Kristensen and Knudsen (1983:223)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Raabjerg Strand; Northwest coast of Jutland, Denmark [fide Kristensen and Knudsen (1983:223)]

Architeuthis mouchezi Velain, 1875:1002.

Nomen nudum.

Architeuthis nawaji Cadenat, 1935:513.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Undetermined
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Ile d'Yeu [Bay of Biscay, France]

Dubioteuthis physeteris Joubin, 1900:102, pl 15.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Architeuthis physeteris [fide Voss (1956:136)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MOM Holotype [station 588] [fide Belloc (1950:6); listed incorrectly as station 558]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Azores, 38°34'45"N, 29°37'W (from sperm whale stomach)

Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875a:22.

Nomen nudum.

Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875b:79, figs 25-27.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Undetermined
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; Syntypes (a, Verrill specimen no. 1, lower beak; b, Verrill specimen no. 10, upper + lower beak
TYPE LOCALITY. -- a, Banks of Newfoundland; b, North Atlantic (sperm whale stomach)

Dinoteuthis proboscideus More, 1875:4527.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Architeuthis sp. [fide Pfeffer (1912:2)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Dingle, Kerry, Ireland [Dec., 1673]

Mouchezis sanctipauli Velain, 1877:81, text-fig 8.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Architeuthis sanctipauli [fide Undetermined]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Holotype 3-2-658 and 3-2-659 (tentacular clubs only) [fide Lu et al. (1995:324)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- St. Paul Island, on beach [38°43'S, 77°32'E, S. Indian Ocean]

Steenstrupia stockii Kirk, 1882:286, pl 36 figs 2-4.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Architeuthis stockii [fide Forch (1998:89)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNZ Holotype M.125405 plus M.125403 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Cook Strait, New Zealand

Architeuthis titan Steenstrup In Verrill, 1875b:84.

Nomen nudum.

Architeuthis verrilli Kirk, 1882:284, pl 36 fig 1.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Species dubium [fide Forch (1998:89)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNZ Holotype; [see Forch (1998:89)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Island Bay, Cook Strait, New Zealand


Type Repositories

BMNH-The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England (formerly British Museum (Natural History)).  [For type catalog see Lipinski et al. (2000)]

MNHN-Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France.  [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]

MOM- Musée Océanographique, Avenue Saint-Martin, Monaco-Ville, MC 98000, Monaco.  [For type catalog see Belloc (1950)]

NMNZ-National Museum of New Zealand, P.O. Box 467, Wellington, New Zealand (formerly Colonial Museum; Dominion Museum).  [For type catalog see Marshall (1996)]

YPM- Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, 170 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520, U.S.A.

ZMUC-Kobenhavns Universitet, Zoologisk Museum, Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.  [For type catalog see Kristensen and Knudsen (1983); See also Volsoe et al. (1962) for Steenstrup papers]

References

Belloc, G. 1950.† Catalogue des types de CÈphalopodes du MusÈe OcÈanographique de Monaco.† Bulletin de l'Institut OcÈanographique, 970:1-10.

Cadenat, J. 1935.† Note sur la premiere capture dans le Golfe de Gascogne du cÈphalopode geant, Architeuthis nawaji.† Compte-Rendu de l'Association Francaise pour l'Avancement des Sciences, 59:513.

Crosse, H., and P. Fischer. 1862.† Nouveaux documents sur les cÈphalopodes gigantesque.† Journal de Conchyliologie, 10:124-140.

Forch, E.C. 1998.† The marine fauna of New Zealand: Cephalopoda: Oegopsida: Architeuthidae (giant squid).† National Institute of Water and Atmosphere, Wellington N.Z., Biodiversity Memoir, 110: 113 pages, 28 figures.

Harting, P. 1860.† Description de quelques fragments de deux cÈphalopodes gigantesques.† Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, 9(1)[1861]: 16 pages, 3 plates. [Published as separate, 1860]

Hilgendorf, F. 1880.† Einen riesigen Dintenfisch aus Japan, Megateuthis martensii g.n., sp.n.† Sitzungsbericht Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde, Berlin, 4:65-67.

Hoyle, W.E. 1910.† A list of the generic names of Dibranchiate Cephalopoda with their type species.† Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 32:407-413.

Joubin, L. 1900.† CÈphalopodes provenant des campagnes de la Princesse-Alice (1891-1897).† Resultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert I Prince souverain de Monaco, 17:1-135, 15 plates.

Kent, W.S. 1874.† Note on a gigantic cephalopod from Conception Bay, Newfoundland.† Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1874(2):178-182.

Kirk, T.W. 1882.† Descriptions of new Cephalopods.† Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 14(42):283-286, 1 plate.

Kirk, T.W. 1888.† Brief description of a new species of large decapod (Architeuthis longimanus).† Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 20(6):34-39, 3 plates.

Kristensen, T.K. and J. Knudsen. 1983.† A catalogue of the type specimens of Cephalopoda (Mollusca) in the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.† Steenstrupia, 9(10):217-227.

Lipinski, M.R., F.A. Naggs, and M.A. Roeleveld. 2000.† Catalogue of types of Recent cephalopods in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London.† Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1):101-120.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995.† Catalogue of types of recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France).† Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Marshall, B.A. 1996.† Molluscan name-bearing types in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.† Tuhinga: Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, 9:1-85.

Mitsukuri, K. and S. Ikeda. 1895.† Notes on a gigantic cephalopod. [In Japanese]† Dobotsu-Gaku Zasshi, 7(77):39-50, 1 plate.

More, A.G. 1875.† Notice of a gigantic cephalopod (Dinoteuthis proboscideus) which was stranded at Dingle, in Kerry, two hundred years ago.† The Zoologist, London, (series 2)118:4526-4532.

Nesis, K.N. 1982.† Abridged key to the cephalopod Molluscs of the world's oceans. Moscow: Light and Food Industry Publishing House, 385 pages. (In Russian; see Nesis, 1987 for abridged English translation)

Nesis, K.N. 1987.† Cephalopods of the World; Squids, cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, USA, 351 pages.

Owen, R. 1881.† Descriptions of some new and rare Cephalopoda (Part II).† Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 11(5):131-170, 4 figures, 13 plates.

Pfeffer, G. 1900.† Synopsis der oegopsiden Cephalopoden. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum Hamburg, 17(2):147-198.

Pfeffer, G. 1912.† Die Cephalopoden der Plankton-Expedition. Zugleich eine monographische ubersicht der Oegopsiden Cephalopoden.† Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-stiftung, 2:1-815, 48 plates.

Robson, C.W. 1887.† On a new species of giant cuttlefish stranded at Cape Campbell, June 30th 1886 (Architeuthis kirkii).† Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 19(17):155-157.

Robson, G.C. 1933.† On Architeuthis clarkei, a new species of giant squid, with observations on the genus.† Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1933(3):681-697, 8 figures, 1 plate.

Steenstrup, J. 1857.† Oplysninger om Atlanterhavets colossale Blacksprutter.† Forhandlinger ved de Skandinaviske Naturforskeres Syvende Mode, 7[1856]:182-185.

Stephen, A. 1962.† The species of Architeuthis inhabiting the North Atlantic.† Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 68(2):147-161, 2 plates.

Velain, C. 1875.† Observations effectuees a l'ile Saint-Paul.† Comptes Rendus Habdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences, 80:998-1003.

Velain, C. 1877.† Passage de Venus sur le Soleil (9 December 1874). Expedition Francaise aux Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam. Zoologie. Observations gÈnÈrales sur la fauna des deux Iles Suivies d'une description des Mollusques.† Archives de Zoologie Experimentale et Generale, 6:1-143, 9 figures, 5 plates.

Verrill, A.E. 1875a.† The colossal cephalopods of the North Atlantic.† American Naturalist, 9(1):21-36, 11 figures.

Verrill, A.E. 1875b.† The colossal cephalopods of the North Atlantic, II.† American Naturalist, 9(2):78-86, 4 figures.

Verrill, A.E. 1879-1880.† The cephalopods of the north-eastern coast of America. Part 1. - The gigantic squids (Architeuthis) and their allies; with observations on similar large species from foreign localities.† Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences, 5(5):177-257, 14 plates.

Verrill, A.E. 1880-1881.† The cephalopods of the north-eastern coast of America. Part II. The smaller cephalopods, including the "squids" and the octopi, with other allied forms.† Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences, 5(6):259-446, 33 plates.

Verrill, A.E. 1882.† [Review of] Description of new Cephalopoda; by T.W. Kirk.† American Journal of Science (series 3)24:477.

Volsoe, A., J. Knudsen and W. Rees. 1962.† The cephalopod papers of Japetus Steenstrup; a translation into English. Danish Science Press, Copenhagen, 330 pages.

Voss, G.L. 1956.† A review of the Cephalopods of the Gulf of Mexico.† Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 6(2):85-178, 18 figures.

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