Taxa Associated with the Family Pholidoteuthidae Voss, 1956

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June 2002)

Nominal Genus-Level Taxa

{{Note: See Roper and Lu (1989) and Nesis and Nikitina (1990) regarding systematic problems and disagreements concerning this family!!}}

Pholidoteuthis Adam, 1950:1592.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Nesis (1987:238)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Pholidoteuthis boschmai Adam, 1950 by original designation

Tetronychoteuthis Pfeffer, 1900:161.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Nomen dubium [fide Nesis and Nikitina (1990:46)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Onychoteuthis dussumieri Orbigny, 1839-1842 In Ferussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848 by monotypy

Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Pholidoteuthis adami Voss, 1956:132, fig 9a-h.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Nesis (1987:238)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNH Holotype 575139 [fide Roper and Sweeney (1978:3)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 29°11.5'N, 88°07.5'W (Gulf of Mexico)

Pholidoteuthis boschmai Adam, 1950:1592, text-figs 1-6, pls 1-3.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Nesis (1987:238)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; RMNH? Holotype; IRSNB? Type  [fide F.G. Hochberg (pers. comm.)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Flores Sea, Indonesia

Onychoteuthis dussumieri D'Orbigny, 1839-1842 In Ferussac and D'Orbigny,
1834-1848:335, Onychoteuthe pl 13
[fide Tillier and Boucher-Rodoni (1994:101); taxon dated from plate]

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Species dubium [fide Nesis and Nikitina (1990:46)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Type; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:315)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Grand Ocean, 200 leagues north of Mauritius [fide Lu et al. (1995:315)]

Tetronychoteuthis massyae Pfeffer, 1912:102, pl 14 figs 15-19.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pholidoteuthis boschmai Adam, 1950 [fide Nesis and Nikitina (1990:46)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMH Holotype; no longer extant [fide Guerrero-Kommritz (2001:174)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 48°N, 15°W (Atlantic Ocean)

Pholidoteuthis uruguayensis Leta, 1987:??

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pholidoteuthis adami Voss  [fide Nesis and Nikitina (1990:49)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; no longer extant [fide F. Scarabino (pers. comm., Feb. 2001)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Uruguay, 34°57'S, 52°09'W [fide Nesis and Nikitina (1990:43)

Type Repositories

IRSNB-Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Rue Vautier 29, B-1040 Brussels, Belgium (formerly Musee royal d'Histoire naturelle de Belgique).

MNHN-Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France.  [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]

RMNH-Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Raamsteeg 2, Postbus 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands (formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie).  [See Bayer (1950) for list of collections]

ZMH- Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg, Martin Luther King Platz 3, 2000 Hamburg 13, Germany.  [For type catalog see Guerrero-Kommritz (2001)]


Adam, W. 1950.  Un Céphalopode nouveau: Pholidoteuthis boschmai gen. et sp. nov.  Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 53(10):1592-1598, 6 figures, 3 plates.

Bayer, C. 1950.  Les collections malacologiques du Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden.  Journal de Conchyliologie, 90(1):56-58.

Ferussac, A.E. de, and A. D'Orbigny. 1834-1848.  Histoire Naturelle Générale et Particuliere Céphalopodes Acétabulifères Vivants et Fossiles. 96 pages + lvi pages + 361 pages, Atlas with 144 plates. Paris.  [See Winkworth (1942) for dates of publication]

Guerrero-Kommritz, J.G. 2001.  Catalogue of the cephalopod type specimens in the Zoological Museum Hamburg.  Mitteilungen. Hamburgisches Zoologische Museum and Institut, 98:171-174.

Leta, H. 1987.  Primer hallazgo de Lycoteuthis diadema y Octopoteuthis megaptera para aguas urugauayas y descripcion de un nueva especie del genero Pholidoteuthis (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea).  Publ. Cient. INAPE, Montevideo, 1(1):9-25.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995.  Catalogue of types of recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France).  Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Nesis, K.N. 1982.  Abridged key to the cephalopod Molluscs of the world's oceans. Moscow: Light and Food Industry Publishing House, 385 pages. (In Russian; see Nesis, 1987 for abridged English translation)

Nesis, K.N. 1987.  Cephalopods of the World; Squids, cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, USA, 351 pages.

Nesis, K.N. and I.V. Nikitina. 1990.  Revision of the squid family Lepidoteuthidae.  Zoologichesky Zhurnal, 69(10):38-49.

Pfeffer, G. 1900.  Synopsis der oegopsiden Cephalopoden. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum Hamburg, 17(2):147-198.

Pfeffer, G. 1912.  Die Cephalopoden der Plankton-Expedition. Zugleich eine monographische übersicht der Oegopsiden Cephalopoden.  Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-stiftung, 2:1-815, 48 plates.

Roper, C.F.E. and C.C. Lu. 1989.  Systematics status of Lepidoeteuthis, Pholidoteuthis, and Tetronychoteuthis (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82:295-322.

Tillier, A., and R. Boucher-Rodoni. 1994.  Ferussac and d'Orbigny's "Histoire naturelle générale et particuliere des Céphalopodes acétabulifères": Dates of Publication of Plates and Text.  Nautilus, 107(3)[1993]:97-103. [Actual publication date 2 Feb. 1994]

Voss, G.L. 1956.  A review of the Cephalopods of the Gulf of Mexico.  Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 6(2):85-178, 18 figures.

Winkworth, R. 1942.  Notes on the publication of Ferussac and Orbigny’s Histoire des Céphalopodes.  Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 25(1):34-36.

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