Note

"Mallophaga"

Vince Smith and Rod Page

The "Mallophaga" are a paraphyletic grouping comprising all lice other than the Anoplura. The diagram below displays the range of morphologies of various families of "Mallophaga."

Click on a louse to see which family it belongs to:

Morphologies of various Mallophagan families

Amblycera

A: Menoponidae (all orders of birds, includes the Trinotonidae) 
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bird cartoon B: Trinotonidae (most spp.- Ducks, geese and swans)
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bird cartoon C: Laemobothriidae (rails, storks, hawks)
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bird cartoon D: Ricinidae (small passerines, including the Trochiliphagidae of hummingbirds)
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bird cartoon E: Trochiliphagidae (hummingbirds)
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bird cartoon F: Boopiidae (most spp.- Australian marsupials)
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mammal cartoon G: Gyropidae (cavimorph rodents)
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mammal cartoon H: Trimenoponidae (neotropical marsupials & cavimorph rodents)
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mammal cartoon I: Abrocomophagidae (a single species from a rodent)
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bird cartoon

Rhyncophthirina

J: Haematomyzidae (elephants and wart-hogs) 
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mammal cartoon

Ischnocera

K: Trichodectidae (mammals) 
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mammal cartoon L: Philopteridae (all bird orders)
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bird cartoon M: Heptapsogasteridae (Tinamiform birds)
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bird cartoon

Title Illustration

Morphologies of various Mallophagan families.

Original drawing modified from Lakshminarayana, K. V. (1986). "Data book for the study of chewing lice (Phthiraptera : Insecta)." Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Miscellaneous Publication, Occasional Paper No. 81: 1-63.; modified by R.D.M. Page, 1997).

Note that this diagram is intended to illustrate the morphological diversity of the "mallophaga" and should not be interpreted as a classification scheme for chewing lice. I am currently preparing a generic phylogeny for the Ischnocera however no such scheme exists for the Amblycera to date.

Picture copyright 1997, R.D.M. Page.

About This Page


The Natural History Museum

Rod Page
University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK

All Rights Reserved.

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