Gannets and BoobiesJoseph W. Brown
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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Friesen, V. L., and D. J. Anderson. 1997. Phylogeny and evolution of the Sulidae (Aves: Pelecaniformes): a test of alternative modes of speciation. Molecular Phylogentics and Evolution 7: 252-260.
Friesen, V. L., D. J. Anderson, T. E. Steeves, H. Jones, and E. A. Schreiber. 2002. Molecular support for the species status of the Nazca Booby (Sula granti). Auk 119: 820-826.
Nelson, J. B. 1978. The Sulidae: Gannets and Boobies. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Pitman, R. L., and J. R. Jehl. 1998. Geographic variation and reassessment of species limits in the "Masked" Boobies of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Wilson Society Bulletin 110: 155-170.
Steeves, T. E., D. J. Anderson, and V. L. Friesen. 2005a. A role for nonphysical barriers to gene flow in the diversification of a highly vagile seabird, the masked booby (Sula dactylatra). Molecular Ecology 14: 3877-3887.
Steeves, T. E., D. J. Anderson, and V. L. Friesen. 2005b. The Isthmus of Panama: a major physical barrier to gene flow in a highly mobile pantropical seabird. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 1000-1008.
Steeves, T. E., D. J. Anderson, H. McNally, M. H. Kim, and V. L. Friesen. 2003. Phylogeography of Sula: the role of physical barriers to gene flow in the diversification of tropical seabirds. Journal of Avian Biology 34: 217-223.
van Tets, G. F., Meredith, C. W., Fullager, P. J. and Davidson, P. M. 1988. Osteological differences between Sula and Morus, and a description of an extinct new species of Sula from Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, Tasman Sea. Notornis 35:35-37.
Information on the Internet
- Travelling birds = Northen Gannets. Video on YouTube.
About This Page
Joseph W. Brown
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Joseph W. Brown at
Page copyright © 2008 Joseph W. Brown
Page: Tree of Life Sulidae. Gannets and Boobies. Authored by Joseph W. Brown. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 20 December 2005
- Content changed 27 June 2008
Citing this page:
Brown, Joseph W. 2008. Sulidae. Gannets and Boobies. Version 27 June 2008 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Sulidae/26335/2008.06.27 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/