AllometoponOwen Lonsdale and Steve Marshall
Allometopon Kertesz is a relatively uncommon genus most closely resembling small Sobarocephala and a few pale Hendelia, but the anterior fronto-orbital bristle is reclinate, there are no dorsal preapical tibial bristles, and the surstyli are usually larger and quite elaborately sculptured.
Allometopon is predominantly found in southeast Asia, but a few species are known from Japan, Australia and the Seychelles. The biology and preferred habitat of this genus are unknown. There are 15 described species in the genus, but there are also numerous undescribed species that occur throughout the Indoaustralian Region (Lonsdale & Marshall, in manuscript). Because of its ambiguous basal position in the Clusiodinae, establishing the phylogeny of Allometopon will be essential to our understanding of the evolution of the Clusiidae.
Habitus of Allometopon sp. © Steve Marshall
Allometopon is smaller than most clusiids (often being less than 4.0 mm in length), and is predominantly yellow with a variable brown pattern, although some species have evolved a predominantly brown notum. Externally, Allometopon is the only clusiid with entirely reclinate fronto-orbitals that does not have dorsal preapical tibial bristles. Many species are further characterized by other characters such as a minute pair of interfrontal bristles just above the ptilinal suture, reduced to absent postvertical bristles and a reduced anterior dorsocentral that is moved posteriorly.
Like species in the Sobarocephalinae, Allometopon has retained a relatively plesiomorphic morphology, strongly contrasting the derived condition seen in the other Clusiodinae. Allometopon is placed in the same subfamily with these derived genera, however, because it shared longitudinally segmented spermathecae, no ventrolateral lobes on the hypandrium, entirely reclinate fronto-orbitals (reversed in Heteromeringia Czerny and Tranomeringia Sasakawa), and no presutural intra-alar bristle (recovered in some Czernyola).
Lonsdale, O. & Marshall, S.A. 2006. Redefinition of the Clusiinae and Clusiodinae, description of the new subfamily Sobarocephalinae, revision of the genus Chaetoclusia and a description of Procerosoma gen. n. (Diptera: Clusiidae). European Journal of Entomology, 103: 163-182.
Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids & Nematodes
University of Guelph, Canada
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- First online 25 August 2005
- Content changed 20 August 2007
Citing this page:
Lonsdale, Owen and Steve Marshall. 2007. Allometopon. Version 20 August 2007 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Allometopon/27680/2007.08.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/