ArchonVazrick Nazari and Frédéric Carbonell
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The genus Archon has two morphologically similar species, both of which feed on Aristolochia. The two species, which are distributed in the Middle East to Turkey and Eastern Europe, were distinguished only recently, based on differences in life stages and genitalia (De Freina, 1985), and confirmed by the discovery of their sympatric occurrence in southeastern Turkey (Mardin) and their intersterility (Carbonell, 1991).
According to Hemming (1967), Papilio thia Hübner, [1805-1806], originally assigned as the type species of Archon, is a subjective synonym of Papilio apollinus Herbst, 1798 because it essentially represents the same taxon at the species level. The name Doritis (auct. nec Fabricius, 1807) has been incorrectly considered for a long time to have Papilio apollinus Herbst, 1798 as its type species, but this is invalid because it is a junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804 (Hemming, 1967). This confusion is due to the fact that Hübner (1819) used the name Doritis for Papilio thia, which was followed uncertainly by various authors until in 1872 Crotch even selected Papilio apollinus Herbst as the type species of Doritis (Hemming, 1967). The name Dorarchon was proposed by Rothschild much later in 1918, and is a junior synonym of Archon (Hesselbarth et al., 1995).
Carbonell, F., 1991. Contribution ? la connaissance du genre Archon H?bner 1822: D?couverte de zones de sympatrie pour Archon apollinus (Herbst) at A. apollinaris Staudinger (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Linneana Belgica 13: 3-12.
De Freina, J.J., 1985. Revision der Gattung Archon H?bner 1822 mit Angeben zur Biologie, Verbreitung, Morphologie und Systematik von Archon apollinus (Herbst 1798) und Archon apollinaris Staudinger  1891 (stat. nov.) (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Nota Lepidopterologicae 8: 97-128.
Hemming, A.F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ent. Suppl. 9: 509 pp.
Hesselbarth, G., van Oorschot, H., Wagener, S., 1995. Die Tagfalter der T?rkei. 1. 754 pp. Bocholt, Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener.
Nazari, V., Zakharov, E.V., Sperling, F.A.H., 2006. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, in press.
About This Page
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at and Fr?d?ric Carbonell at
Page copyright © 2006 Vazrick Nazari and
- First online 07 July 2006
- Content changed 07 July 2006
Citing this page:
Nazari, Vazrick and Carbonell, Frédéric. 2006. Archon http://tolweb.org/Archon/65394/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org. Version 07 July 2006 (under construction).