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Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, [1892])

Vazrick Nazari and Frédéric Carbonell
Containing group: Archon


The life history of A. apollinaris has been studied by De Freina (1985), Carbonell (1991) and Hesselbarth et al. (1995). De Freina (1985) and Carbonell (1991) also discuss the taxonomy of A. apollinaris in detail and provide characters from male and female genitalia and life history that differentiate it from A. apollinus.

Geographical Distribution

A. apollinaris is known from northeast Turkey (Erzincan), west and northwest Iran, and northern Iraq. For localities see Carbonell (1991), Hesselbarth et al. (1995) and Nazari (2003).

Geographical Variation

In addition to the nominal A. a. apollinaris Staudinger, [1892] (Type locality: Goman Otti; NE. Turkey), a recently discovered small population, A. a. bostanchii De Freina and Naderi, 2003 (Type locality: Pol-e-Dokhtar, Lorestan, Iran), living on Aristolochia olivieri (observed by the second author), is the only population to have received a formal subspecific name.

Larval Food Plant

Like A. apollinus, this species feeds on Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Host species recorded so far are A. maurorum (Ackery, 1975), A. bottae (Koçak, 1982), A. olivieri and A. paecilanthea (Hesselbarth et al., 1995).


Ackery, P.R., 1975. A guide to the genera and species of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ent. 31: 71-105, plates 1-15.

Carbonell, F., 1991. Contribution ? la connaissance du genre Archon H?bner 1822: D?couverte de zones de sympatrie pour Archon apollinus (Herbst) et A. apollinaris Staudinger (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Linneana Belgica 13: 3-12.

De Freina, J.J., 1985. Revision der Gattung Archon H?bner 1822 mit Angeben zur Biologie, Verbreitung, Morphologie und Systematik von Archon apollinus (Herbst 1798) und Archon apollinaris Staudinger [1892] 1891 (stat. nov.) (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Nota Lepidopterologicae 8: 97-128.

De Freina, J. J., Naderi, A.R., 2003. Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, (1892) aus dem suedwestlichen Zentral Zagros, bostanchii subspec. nov., mit ergaenzenden Angaben zur Gesamtverbreitung der Art (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae, Parnassiini). Atalanta (Marktlruthen) 34: 429-434, 474-477.

Hesselbarth, G., van Oorschot, H., Wagener, S., 1995. Die Tagfalter der T?rkei. 1. 754 pp. Bocholt, Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener.

Ko?ak, A.?., 1982. Notes on Archon apollinus (Herbst, 1798) (Papilionidae, Lepidoptera). Priamus, 2: 44-64.

Nazari, V., 2003. Butterflies of Iran. Dayereye-Sabz Publications, Tehran.

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Archon apollinaris
Location West Iran
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Copyright © 2006
Scientific Name Archon apollinaris bostanchii
Location Iran
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Carbonell
Sex Female
Copyright © 2006
About This Page

Vazrick Nazari
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Frédéric Carbonell

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at and Fr?d?ric Carbonell at

Citing this page:

Nazari, Vazrick and Carbonell, Frédéric. 2006. Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, [1892]). Version 07 July 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Archon_apollinaris/65402/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org

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