Under Construction

Astraptes Hübner 1819

Andrew V. Z. Brower
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Containing group: Eudaminae


A large neotropical genus of big, showy skippers. The genus has been the subject of some controversy lately due to the apparent discovery of hidden diversity ("ten species in one") based upon DNA barcodes of Astraptes fulgerator from Guanacaste, Costa Rica (Hebert et al. 2004; Brower 2006). At this time, the nine other "species" remain formally undescribed.

Other Names for Astraptes Hübner 1819


Brower AVZ. 2006. Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: “ten species” of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 4: 127-132.

Hebert PDN, Penton EH, Burns JM, Janzen DH, and Hallwachs W. 2004. Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 14812-14817.

Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Astraptes anaphus
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Yellow-tipped Flasher (Astraptes anaphus) ventral
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2008 Anne Toal
Scientific Name Astraptes brevicauda
Location Domatila Lodge, Nicaragua
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Kim Garwood
Life Cycle Stage adult
Source Short-tailed Flasher
Source Collection Neotropical Butterflies
Copyright © 2003 Kim Garwood
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Astraptes Hübner 1819. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2009. Astraptes Hübner 1819. Version 14 June 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Astraptes/95276/2009.06.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page