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Fungus-growing ants

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taxon links [up-->]Mycetosoritis [up-->]Mycetagroicus [up-->]Mycocepurus [up-->]Cyphomyrmex [up-->]Acromyrmex [up-->]Atta [up-->]Sericomyrmex [up-->]Myrmicocrypta [up-->]Mycetophylax [up-->]Mycetarotes [up-->]Trachymyrmex [up-->]Apterostigma [down<--]Myrmicinae Interpreting the tree
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Classification after Bolton (2003); tree after Wetterer et al. (1998).
Containing group: Myrmicinae


The Attini share the following synapomorphy with the Blepharidattini (Bolton 2003): In addition, the Attini have the following apomorphies:

Other Names for Attini


Baroni Urbani, C. 1980. First description of fossil gardening ants (Amber Collection Stuttgart and Natural History Museum Basel, Hymenoptera: Formicidae. 1: Attini). Stuttgarter Beitraege zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaeontologie) No. 54: 1-13.

Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.

Brandão, C. R. F. and A. J. Mayhé-Nunes. 2001. A new fungus-growing ant genus, Mycetagroicus gen. n., with the description of three new species and comments on the monophyly of the Attini. Sociobiology 38: 639-665.

Chapela, I. H., S. A. Rehner, T. R. Schultz, and U. G. Mueller. 1994. Evolutionary history of the symbiosis between fungus-growing ants and their fungi. Science 266 (5191): 1691-1694.

Currie, C. R., B. Wong, A. E. Stuart, T. R. Schultz, S. A. Rehner, U. G. Mueller, G. H. Sung, J. W. Spatafora, and N. A. Straus. 2003. Ancient tripartite coevolution in the attine ant-microbe symbiosis. Science 299 (5605): 386-388.

Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Lattke, J. E. 1999. A new species of fungus-growing ant and its implications for attine phylogeny. Systematic Entomology 24: 1-6.

Mueller, U. G., T. R. Schultz, C. R. Currie, R. M. Adams, and D. Malloch. 2001. The origin of the attine ant-fungus mutualism. Quarterly Review of Biology 76(2): 169-197.

Schultz, T. R. and R. Meier. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the fungus-growing ants based on morphological characters of the larvae. Systematic Entomology 20: 337-370.

Villesen, P., T. Murakami, T. R. Schultz, J. J. Boomsma. 2002. Identifying the transition between single and multiple mating of queens in fungus-growing ants. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences Series B 269 (1500): 1541-1548.

Wetterer, J. K., T. R. Schultz, and R. Meier. 1998. Phylogeny of fungus-growing ants (Tribe Attini) based on mtDNA sequence and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9(1): 42-47.

Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Mycetophylax emeryi
Location Paraguay
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Worker
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
Scientific Name Atta cephalotes
Location Ecuador
Comments The smaller, minima worker riding on the leaf fragment protects the lower ant from attacks by phorid fly parasitoids.
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Workers
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
Scientific Name Acromyrmex octospinosus
Location Guatemala
Comments One of two genera of leafcutter ants
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Worker
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
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Page: Tree of Life Attini. Fungus-growing ants. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Attini. Fungus-growing ants. Version 22 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Attini/22435/2004.03.22 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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