BicyclusAndrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
The bush browns are large endemic African genus. Bicyclus butterflies are noted for marked seasonal polyphenism of wing patterns, especially in the size of the eyespots. The eye spots of Bicyclus anynana is a popular model system for the study of wing pattern development and genetics (cf. Beldade & Brakefield, 2002).
The topology is based on the molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of Monteiro & Pierce (2001).
Ackery PR, Smith CR, and Vane-Wright RI eds. 1995. Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.
Beldade, P & Brakefield PM. 2002. The genetics and evo-devo of butterfly wing patterns. Nature Reviews Genetics 3, 442-452.
Condamin M. 1973. monographie du genre Bicyclus (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Mém. Inst. Fond. Afrique Noire 88: 1-324.
Larsen, T. B. 2005. Butterflies of West Africa. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark.
Monteiro A, and Pierce NE. 2001. Phylogeny of Bicyclus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from COI, COII and Ef-1alpha gene sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 18: 264-281.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2010
Page: Tree of Life Bicyclus Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 09 November 2006
- Content changed 13 January 2010
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2010. Bicyclus http://tolweb.org/Bicyclus/85314/2010.01.13 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 13 January 2010 (under construction).