Satyrinae "Satyridae" of authorsNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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Satyrinae now includes Morphini, Brassolini and Amathusiini, taxa that have formerly been considered subfamilies or even families in their own right. The family is widespread, with representatives ranging from the Arctic to Tierra del Fuego and occurring on every continent except Antarctica. The preponderance of diversity is tropical. All satyrines have larvae with bifid "tails," most feeding on monocots. The adults frequently have large eyespots on the ventral and sometimes dorsal surfaces of the wings.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The phylogenetic hypothesis shown here is based on the DNA sequence-based cladogram of Peña et al. (2006), and on unpublished results (Wahlberg and Brower). The relationships within and among the various tribes and subtribes are still in a high degree of flux, although the recent results show that many taxa identified in the last comprehensive revision of the group (Miller 1968) are not natural groups.
Miller LD. 1968. The higher classification, phylogeny and zoogeography of the Satyridae (Lepidoptera). Mem. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 24: 1-174.
Pena C, Wahlberg N, Weingartner E, Kodandaramaiah U, Nylin S, Freitas AVL, and Brower AVZ. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 29-49.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2009 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Satyrinae "Satyridae" of authors. Authored by Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 09 November 2006
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2006. Satyrinae "Satyridae" of authors. Version 09 November 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Satyrinae/12189/2006.11.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/