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IntroductionThe Dolichoderinae share the following characters with the Aneuretinae and Formicinae (Bolton 2003):
- Dorsal cuticular flap of the metapleural gland anteriorly reduced and posteromedially extended
- Petiole with complete tergosternal fusion
- Postpygidial glands absent
- Slit-like junction of pygidium and hypopygium
- Sting vestigial
- Pygidial glands producing cyclopenanoid monoterpenes (iridoids)
- Larvae with reduced hairs
- Reduced (sensilliform) larval maxillary palp and galea
- Small larval sericteries and reduced larval neck
Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.
Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalog of the Ants of the World. 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.
Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
Brandão, C. R. F., C. Baroni Urbani, J. Wagensberg, and C. I. Yamamoto. 1998. New Technomyrmex in Dominican amber, with a reappraisal of Dolichoderinae phylogeny. Entomologica Scandinavica 29: 411-428.
Chiotis, M., L. S. Jermiin, and R. H. Crozier. 2000. A molecular framework for the phylogeny of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17(1): 108-116.
Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.
Shattuck, S. O. 1992a. Higher classification of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae, Dolichoderinae and Formicidae. Systematic Entomology 17: 199-206.
Shattuck, S. O. 1992b. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181.
Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae. University of California Publications in Entomology 112: 1-241.
Shattuck, S. O. 1995. Generic-level relationships within the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymneoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 20: 217-228.
Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.
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- First online 20 March 2004
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Dolichoderinae. Version 20 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Dolichoderinae/22202/2004.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/