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Hesperiidae Latreille 1809


Andrew V. Z. Brower and Andrew Warren
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Checkered skipper butterfly
taxon links [down<--]Ditrysia [up-->]Coeliadinae [up-->]Eudaminae [up-->]Heteropterinae [up-->]Trapezitinae [up-->]Hesperiinae [up-->]Euschemon Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Containing group: Ditrysia

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The hypothesis of relationships is based on the combined morphological/molecular cladistic analysis of Warren et al. (in prep.).


Ackery, P. R., R. de Jong, and R. I. Vane-Wright. 1999. The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea, and Papilionoidea. Pages 264-300 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.

Warren, A. D., J. Ogawa and A. V. Z. Brower. (in preparation). Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea).

Title Illustrations
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Checkered skipper butterfly
Scientific Name Pyrgus communis
Location Mount Bruno, elevation 1300 feet (San Mateo County, California, USA)
Comments Checkered skipper butterfly
Creator Photograph by T. W. Davies
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection CalPhotos
Copyright © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Scientific Name Ampittia dioscorides camertes
Location Upper Peirce, Singapore
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Bush hopper (Ampittia dioscorides camertes)
Source Collection Flickr
ToL image Use creative commons This image is licensed under the Attribution 2.0 Creative Commons License.
Copyright © 2007 Jwee
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at and Andrew Warren at

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Warren, Andrew. 2007. Hesperiidae Latreille 1809. Skippers. Version 04 March 2007 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Hesperiidae/12028/2007.03.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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