This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Kitching, I. J. and J. E. Rawlins. 1999. The Noctuoidea. Pages 355-401 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.
Miller, J. S. 1991. Cladistics and classification of the Notodontidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on larval and adult morphology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 204:1-230.
Mitchell, A., C. Mitter, and J. C. Regier. 2000. More taxa or more characters revisited: Combining data from nuclear protein-encoding genes for phylogenetic analyses of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 49(2):202-224.
Speidel, W., H. Fanger, and C. M. Naumann. 1996. The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 21(3): 219-251.
Speidel, W. and C. M. Naumann. 2004. A survey of family-group names in noctuoid moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematics and Biodiversity 2(2):191-221.
Weller, S. J., D. P. Pashley, J. A. Martin, and J. L. Constable. 1994. Phylogeny of noctuoid moths and the utility of combining independent nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Systematic Biology 43(2):194-211.
Page copyright © 2003 David R. Maddison
Citing this page:
Maddison, David R. 2003. Noctuoidea. Version 01 January 2003 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Noctuoidea/12035/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/