go to the Tree of Life home page
Temporary Page
This is an archived version of a Tree of Life page. For up-to-date information, please refer to the current version of this page.


red and orange tiger moth
taxon links [down<--]Ditrysia Interpreting the tree
close box

This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

close box
Containing group: Ditrysia


Kitching, I. J. and J. E. Rawlins. 1999. The Noctuoidea. Pages 355-401 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.

Miller, J. S. 1991. Cladistics and classification of the Notodontidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on larval and adult morphology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 204:1-230.

Mitchell, A., C. Mitter, and J. C. Regier. 2000. More taxa or more characters revisited: Combining data from nuclear protein-encoding genes for phylogenetic analyses of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 49(2):202-224.

Speidel, W., H. Fanger, and C. M. Naumann. 1996. The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 21(3): 219-251.

Speidel, W. and C. M. Naumann. 2004. A survey of family-group names in noctuoid moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematics and Biodiversity 2(2):191-221.

Weller, S. J., D. P. Pashley, J. A. Martin, and J. L. Constable. 1994. Phylogeny of noctuoid moths and the utility of combining independent nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Systematic Biology 43(2):194-211.

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Apantesis ornata (Arctiidae)
Location Mount Bruno (San Mateo County, California, USA)
Comments Ornate tiger moth
Creator T. W. Davies
Acknowledgements courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 1999
Scientific Name Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae)
Comments Tobacco budworm
Acknowledgements Photograph courtesy InsectImages.org (#0027075)
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © J. Michael Moore, the University of Georgia
About This Page
Citing this page:

Maddison, David R. 2003. Noctuoidea. Version 01 January 2003 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Noctuoidea/12035/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content



Explore Other Groups

random page