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Toothed whales

False killer whales
Classification after Fordyce & Barnes 1994.
Containing group: Cetacea


Barnes L. G. 1985. Evolution, taxonomy and antitropical distributions of the porpoises (Phocoenidae, Mammalia). Marine Mammal Science 1:149-165.

Cranford, T. W., M. Amundin, and K. S. Norris. 1996. Functional morphology and homology in the odontocete nasal complex: Implications for sound generation. Journal of Morphology 228:223-285.

Fordyce, R. E. 1983. Rhabdosteid dolphins (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Middle Miocene, Lake Frome area, South Australia. Alcheringa 7:27-40.

Fordyce, R. E. and L. G. Barnes. 1994. The evolutionary history of whales and dolphins. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 22:419-455.

Gretarsdottir, S. and U. Arnason. 1993. Molecular studies on 2 variant repeat types of the common cetacean DNA satellite of the sperm whale, and the relationship between Physeteridae (sperm whales) and Ziphiidae (beaked-whales). Molecular Biology and Evolution 10:306-318.

Heyning, J. E. 1989. Comparative facial anatomy of beaked whales (Ziphiidae) and a systematic revision among the families of extant Odontoceti. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science 405:1-64.

Heyning, J. E. 1997. Sperm whale phylogeny revisited: Analysis of the morphological evidence. Marine Mammal Science 13:596-613.

Jefferson, T. A., B. E. Curry, S. Leatherwood, and J. A. Powell. 1997. Dolphins and porpoises of West Africa: A review of records (Cetacea: Delphinidae, Phocoenidae). Mammalia 61:87-108.

LeDuc, R. G., W. F. Perrin, and A. E. Dizon. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships among the delphinid cetaceans based on full cytochrome B sequences. Marine Mammal Science 15:619-648.

Luo, Z. X. and E. R. Eastman. 1995. Petrosal and inner-ear of a squalodontoid whale - implications for evolution of hearing in Odontocetes. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15:431-442.

Luo, Z. X. and K. Marsh. 1996. Petrosal (periotic) and inner ear of a Pliocene kogiine whale (Kogiinae, Odontoceti): Implications on relationships and hearing evolution of toothed whales. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16:328-348.

Lyrholm, T., O. Leimar, and U. Gyllensten. 1996. Low diversity and biased substitution patterns in the mitochondrial DNA control region of sperm whales: Implications for estimates of time since common ancestry. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13:1318-1326.

Lyrholm, T. and U. Gyllensten. 1998. Global matrilineal population structure in sperm whales as indicated by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 265:1679-1684.

Nowak, R. M. 1999. Order Cetacea. Pages 896-981 in: Walker's Mammals of the World. Sixth Edition. Volume II. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Oelschlager, H. A. 1986. Comparative morphology and evolution of the otic region in toothed whales (Cetacea, Mammalia). American Journal of Anatomy 177:353-368.

Perrin, W. F. 1997. Development and homologies of head stripes in the delphinoid cetaceans. Marine Mammal Science 13:1-43.

Pryor, K. and K. S. Norris (eds.) 1991. Dolphin societies. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Reidenberg, J. S. and J. T. Laitman. 1994. Anatomy of the hyoid apparatus in Odontoceti (toothed whales) - specializations of their skeleton and musculature compared with those of terrestrial mammals. Anatomical Record 240:598-624.

Ridgway, S. H. and R. Harrison (eds.) 1989. Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 4. River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales. Academic Press, San Diego.

Ridgway, S. H. and R. Harrison (eds.) 1994. Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 5. The First Book of Dolphins. Academic Press, San Diego.

Ridgway, S. H. and R. Harrison (eds.) 1999. Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 6. The Second Book of Dolphins and Porpoises. Academic Press, San Diego.

Rosel, P. E., M. G. Haygood, and W. F. Perrin. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships among the true porpoises (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4:463-474.

Waddell, V. G., M. C. Milinkovitch, M. Berube, and M. J. Stanhope. 2000. Molecular phylogenetic examination of the Delphinoidea trichotomy: Congruent evidence from three nuclear loci indicates that porpoises (Phocoenidae) share a more recent common ancestry with white whales (Monodontidae) than they do with true dolphins (Delphinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15:314-318.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Pseudorca crassidens
Location Ecuador
Comments False killer whales (Delphinidae)
Creator Photograph by Gerald and Buff Corsi
Acknowledgements courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 2001
About This Page
Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Odontoceti. Toothed whales. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Odontoceti/16025/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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