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taxon links [up-->]Pteroptochos [up-->]Scytalopus [up-->]Scelorchilus [up-->]Teledromas fuscus [up-->]Eugralla paradoxa [up-->]Merulaxis Phylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Furnarii Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Relationships after Moyle et al. (2009).
Containing group: Furnarii

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

There is considerable question about the relationships of Psilorhamphus. It may be a tapaculo, or it may be an ovenbird. No rigorous, modern study has considered its relationships, and so it remains for the present in its traditional location.

Other Names for Rhinocryptidae


Fjeldsĺ, J. and N. Krabbe. 1990. Birds of the High Andes. Zoology Museum, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Ridgely, R. S. and G. Tudor. 1994. The Birds of South America. Volume 2. The Suboscine Passerines. University of Texas, Austin.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Scelorchilus rubecula
Location Reserva Aiken, cerca de Puerto Aisén, Chile
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Chucao Tapaculo
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Nick Warner
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Rhinocryptidae. Tapaculos. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2009. Rhinocryptidae. Tapaculos. Version 22 August 2009 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Rhinocryptidae/67988/2009.08.22 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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