TribalinaeMichael S. Caterino
- Epierus (~55 species)
- Plagiogramma (~30 species)
- Pseudepierus (2 species)
- Stictostix (~8 species)
- Parepierus (~26 species)
- Scaphidister (2 species)
- Tribalus (~50 species)
- Tribalasia (1 species)
- Idolia (~7 species)
- Sphaericosoma (1 species)
- Caerosternus (1 species)
Tribalinae is a small subfamily, with only about 200 described species. Most of the neotropical species (Plagiogramma, Epierus, Idolia) are associated with dead wood. Species of the large Old World Tribalus are more varied, including some dung associates.
Tribalinae are usually easy to recognize through a combination of characters. The prosternal lobe is well developed and usually set off by a transverse ‘presternal suture’. It is always extended laterally as ‘alae’ which close the antennal cavities from beneath. These characteristics are shared with most Histerinae, and the two appear to be closely related (Caterino & Vogler, 2002), but Tribalinae possess a pair of labral setae, which Histerinae (by definition) lack.
The relationships within Tribalinae (and the interrelationships with Onthophilinae) have been analyzed in an unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (Kovarik, 1994). Major changes in the composition of the two subfamilies have been proposed therein. However, the author is continuing to analyze his data (pers. comm.), and his revised conclusions are eagerly awaited.
Caterino, M. S., and A. P. Vogler. 2002. The phylogeny of the Histeroidea. Cladistics 18(4):394-415.
Kovarik, P. W. 1994. Phylogeny, chaetotaxy, and ecology of the Onthophilinae and Tribalinae. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation. Dept. of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus. 339 pages.
Mazur, S. 1988. New Neotropical histerid beetles with additional notes on the genus Plagiogramma Tasia in Curia. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 58:287-299.
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- First online 07 March 2002
Citing this page:
Caterino, Michael S. 2002. Tribalinae. Version 07 March 2002 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Tribalinae/9389/2002.03.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/