VagrantiniNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
A group of mainly southeast Asian and Australasian genera that may be paraphyletic with respect to Argynnini.
The hypothesis presented here is that of Penz and Peggie (2003), with the position of Algiachroa inferred on the basis of discussion in Parsons (1999). The monophyly and relationships within this group are still not strongly corroborated - molecular data suggest that the pattern of affinities may be somewhat different from those presented here (Wahlberg and Brower, unpubl.).
Parsons M. 1999. The butterflies of Papua New Guinea: their systematics and biology. Academic Press, San Diego.
Penz CM, and Peggie D. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships among Heliconiinae genera based on morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Syst. Ent. 28: 451-479.
University of Turku, Finland
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 11 November 2006
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2006. Vagrantini http://tolweb.org/Vagrantini/70207/2006.11.11 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 11 November 2006 (under construction).