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Apaturinae Boisduval 1840

Emperors and Hackberry Butterflies

Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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taxon links [up-->]Sephisa [up-->]Sasakia [up-->]Thaleropis [up-->]Asterocampa [up-->]Dilipa [up-->]Euapatura mirza [up-->]Apatura [up-->]Apaturopsis [up-->]Hestinalis [up-->]Timelaea [up-->]Rohana [up-->]Euripus [up-->]Apaturina [up-->]Hestina [up-->]Mimathyma [up-->]Herona [up-->]Chitoria [up-->]Helcyra [up-->]Doxocopa [up-->]Eulaceura Phylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Nymphalidae Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Nymphalidae

Introduction

The emperors, peacocks and hackberry butterflies have a cosmopolitain distribution, with a particularly diverse array of species in eastern Asia.

Nomenclature and synonymy

There are a large number of small or monotypic genera in Apaturinae, and there is a good deal of disagreement in the literature on whether or not many of these ought to be synonyms. They are presented here as hypotheses to be tested.

Other Names for Apaturinae Boisduval 1840

References

Bridges CA. 1988. Catalogue of family-group and genus-group names (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Charles A. Bridges, Urbana, IL.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Apatura iris
Location Sofia, Bulgaria
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Male Purple Emperor (Apatura iris) 6/10
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Peter Orosz
Scientific Name Sephisa daimio
Location Taiwan
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source 臺灣燦蛺蝶(白裙黃斑蛺蝶)Sephisa daimio Matsumura
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2008 ashung
Scientific Name Asterocampa celtis
Location Longwood Gardens, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Not even a posing fee
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Marty DeAngelo
About This Page

Niklas Wahlberg
University of Turku, Finland


Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Apaturinae Boisduval 1840. Emperors and Hackberry Butterflies. Authored by Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Apaturinae Boisduval 1840. Emperors and Hackberry Butterflies. Version 18 May 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Apaturinae/12191/2009.05.18 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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