BrassolisAndrew V. Z. Brower
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IntroductionA neotropical genus. The larvae of Brassolis spp. are gregarious and can be pests of coconut and other palms. Adults have vestigial proboscides and do not feed during their short adult life span (< two weeks) (Garzón-Orduña & Penz 2009).
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe topology is Fig. 6 from Garzón-Orduña & Penz (2009), based on a cladistic analysis of 57 characters from adult morphology. They found that Brassolis sophorae is polymorphic for many character states, and when its subspecies are treated as separate taxa that the terminals occur in three paraphyletic clusters with other species embedded among them, suggesting that perhaps "B. sophorae" as currently circumscribed represents several distinct species.
Casagrande, MM. 2004. Brassolini. In Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Garzón-Orduña IJ & CM Penz. 2009. Phylogeny of Dynastor and Brassolis butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): a tough nut to crack. Zootaxa 2134: 1-22.
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Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
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Page: Tree of Life Brassolis Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 01 November 2006
- Content changed 08 March 2010
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2010. Brassolis http://tolweb.org/Brassolis/70751/2010.03.08 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 08 March 2010 (under construction).