OpsiphanesAndrew V. Z. Brower
- Opsiphanes bogotanus
- Opsiphanes boisduvalii
- Opsiphanes blythekitzmillerae (the Minerva Owl Butterfly) (incertae sedis)
- Opsiphanes camena
- Opsiphanes cassiae
- Opsiphanes cassina
- Opsiphanes invirae
- Opsiphanes mutatus
- Opsiphanes quiteria
- Opsiphanes sallei
- Opsiphanes tamarindi
- Opsiphanes zelotes
IntroductionA neotropical genus of medium-sized brassolines. Specimens are attracted to rotting fruit, and may also be encountered perching on tree trunks.
There has been some historical confusion about the synonymy of generic names associated with this genus and Caligo. Gerardo Lamas (in litt.) has clarified the situation as follows:
"Hemming  was not aware that there was an earlier designation of a type-species for Pavonia Godart. Lucas (1847, in D'Orbigny, Dict. univ. Hist. nat. 9: 515) validly designated Papilio cassiae Linnaeus, 1758 as its type-species. Anthomantes Gistel, 1848 is a replacement name for Pavonia Godart, 1824, which is a junior homonym; thus, Anthomantes also has as type-species Papilio cassiae Linnaeus, 1758. Note that Anthomantes Gistel, 1848 is available and a senior subjective synonym of Opsiphanes Doubleday, 1849, but as it has not been used as valid after 1899, then it should be treated as a nomen oblitum, and Opsiphanes as a nomen protectum."
Casagrande, MM. 2004. Brassolini. In Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
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Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
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- First online 01 November 2006
- Content changed 09 June 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2009. Opsiphanes http://tolweb.org/Opsiphanes/70761/2009.06.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 09 June 2009 (under construction).