EuptychiinaAndrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.close box
With the exception of the Taiwanese Palaeonympha, Euptychiina are an exclusively New World, mainly neotropical satyrine clade. A few species and genera extend into the U. S., including Megisto, Hermeuptychia and Cyllopsis, but the vast preponderance of species occur in tropical Central and South America. Most species are monocot feeders, but a few, such as members of Euptychia, feed on unusual hosts such as the spikemoss Selaginella.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsIt is becoming increasingly apparent (e. g., Murray and Prowell 2005; Peña et al. 2010) that many euptychiine genera are para- or polyphyletic, and significant effort will need to be invested to sort out relationships among members of this clade. Some putative sister taxa are identified in the above tree based mainly on Peña et al. (2006, 2010), but even these hypotheses are in need of corroboration.
Forster W. 1964. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Insektenfauna Boliviens. XIX. Einleitung Lepidoptera III. Satyridae. Veröffentlichungen der zoologischen Staatsammlung München 3: 81-160, plates 25-33.
Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Miller LD. 1968. The higher classification, phylogeny and zoogeography of the Satyridae (Lepidoptera). Mem. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 24: 1-174.
Murray D, and Prowell DP. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary history of the neotropical satyrine subtribe Euptychiina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 34: 67-80.
Peña C, Nylin S, Freitas AVL and Wahlberg N. 2010. Biogeographical history of the butterfly subtribe Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Zoologica Scripta 39: 243-258.
Peña C, Wahlberg N, Weingartner E, Kodandaramaiah U, Nylin S, Freitas AVL, and Brower AVZ. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 29-49.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2011
Page: Tree of Life Euptychiina Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 01 November 2006
- Content changed 16 May 2011
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Euptychiina http://tolweb.org/Euptychiina/70791/2011.05.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 16 May 2011 (under construction).