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Monarch butterfly California sister butterfly
Containing group: Papilionoidea


Ackery, P. R., R. de Jong, and R. I. Vane-Wright. 1999. The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea, and Papilionoidea. Pages 264-300 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.

Freitas, A. V. L. and K. S. Brown. 2004. Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53 (3):363-383.

Penz, C. M. 1999. Higher level phylogeny for the passion-vine butterflies (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) based on early stage and adult morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 127(3): 277-344.

Information on the Internet

Niklas Wahlberg's Nymphalidae Research
Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Danaus plexippus (Danainae)
Comments Monarch butterfly
Acknowledgements courtesy InsectImages.org (#1226333)
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © Jerry A. Payne, USDA ARS
Scientific Name Dryas julia (Heliconiinae)
Location National Zoo (Washington, D.C.)
Comments Orange Julia butterfly
Acknowledgements courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 2002
Scientific Name Adelpha bredowii (Nymphalinae)
Location Castlerock Park, Skyline (Santa Cruz County, California, USA)
Comments California sister butterfly
Creator Photograph by T. W. Davies
Acknowledgements courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 1999
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2003. Nymphalidae. Version 01 January 2003 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Nymphalidae/12172/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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