Under Construction
This is an archived version of a Tree of Life page. For up-to-date information, please refer to the current version of this page.

Pedaliodes Butler 1867

Andrew V. Z. Brower
Containing group: Pronophilina


The montane neotropical Pedaliodes may be the most diverse genus of butterflies, and is certainly among the least well understood. Lamas (2004) lists 246 species, of which 98 were undescribed. Pyrcz and colleagues have lately described 14.


Adams MJ. 1986. Pronophiline butterflies (Satyridae) of the three Andean cordilleras of Colombia. Zool. J. Linn.Soc. 87: 235-320.

Adams MJ, and Bernard GI. 1977. Pronophiline butterflies (Satyridae) of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Syst. Ent. 2: 263-281.

Adams MJ, and Bernard GI. 1979. Pronophiline butterflies (Satyridae) of the Serran?a de Valledupar, Colombia-Venezuela border. Syst. Ent. 4: 95-118.

Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.

Pyrcz TW. 2004. Pronophiline butterflies of the highlands of Chachapoyas in northern peru: faunal survey, diversity and distribution patterns (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Genus 15: 455-622.

Pyrcz T, and Viloria AL. 1999. Contribution to the knowledge of Ecuadorian Pronophilini, Part 1; new pedaliodines (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Genus 10: 117-150.

Pyrcz TW, and Viloria AL. 1999. Mariposas de la tribu Pronophilini de la Reserva Forestal Tambito, Cordillera Occidental, Colombia. Primera parte. Convergencia de los patrones de coloraci?n en mariposas andinas: siete nuevas especies del g?nero Pedaliodes Butler, 1867 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). SHILAP Revta. Lepid. 27: 173-187.

Thieme O. 1905. Monographie der Gattung Pedaliodes Butl. (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Satyridae). Berl. Entom. Zeitschr. 49: 43-141, plates 1-3.

About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2007. Pedaliodes Butler 1867. Version 01 February 2007 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pedaliodes/82833/2007.02.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page