PolyommatusAndrew V. Z. Brower
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A very diverse Palearctic blue genus. The taxonomy of the group is controversial, and many new species, particularly from central Asia, have been described in the past 30 years. Closely-related taxa are differentiated in some instances by chromosomal characters (Lukhtanov et al. 2005). The list here indicates species groups as delineated by Savela with some changes based on the taxa included in the molecular analyses cited below, and should be regarded as tentative.
The resolved part of the subgenus Agrodiaetus is based on a parsimony analysis of mtDNA COI-COII data by Kandul et al. (2004, their Fig. 1). Traditional species groups, as well as a number of "species," were found to be paraphyletic in that analysis. The remaining species in Agrodiaetus were not included in their study and should be viewed as incertae sedis. The resolved parts of Polyommatus s. str. and some of the other subgenera, as well as the relationships among subgenera, are based on the molecular phylogenetic analysis of Wiemers et al. (2010). Composition of the other subgenera is based on traditional classifications and may not reflect natural groups.
Kandul, N. P., Lukhtanov, V. A., Dantchenko, A. V., Coleman, J. W. S., Sekercioglu, C. H., Haig, D. & Pierce, N. E. 2004 Phylogeny of Agrodiaetus Hübner 1822 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) inferred from mtDNA sequences of COI and COII and nuclear sequences of Ef-1a: karyotype diversification and species radiation. Syst. Biol. 53, 278-298.
Lukhtanov, V. A., Kandul, N. P., Plotkin, J. B., Dantchenko, A. V., Haig, D. & Pierce, N. E. 2005 Reinforcement of pre-zygotic isolation and karyotype evolution in Agrodiaetus butterflies. Nature 436, 385-389.
Tuzov, V. K., Bogdanov, P. V., Devyatkin, A. L., Kaabak, L. V., Korolev, V. A., Murzin, V. S., Samodurov, G. D. & Tarasov, E. A. 1997 Guide to the butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Sofia: Pensoft.
Wiemers, M., Stradomsky, B.V.,Vodolazhsky, D.I. 2010. A molecular phylogeny of Polyommatus s. str. and Plebicula based on mitochondrial COI and nuclear ITS2 sequenes (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 107: 325-336.
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- First online 19 May 2008
- Content changed 14 August 2011
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Polyommatus http://tolweb.org/Polyommatus/124059/2011.08.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 14 August 2011 (under construction).