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Columbiformes

Columbidae

Pigeons and Doves

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taxon links [up-->]Phaps [up-->]Treron [up-->]Lopholaimus antarcticus [up-->]Goura [up-->]Hemiphaga [up-->]Claravis [up-->]Phapitreron [up-->]Chalcophaps [up-->]Ocyphaps lophotes [up-->]Leptotila [up-->]Ptilinopus [up-->]Scardafella [up-->]Geophaps [up-->]Gymnophaps [up-->]Columbina [up-->]Ectopistes migratorius [up-->]Alectroenas [up-->]Caloenas nicobarica [up-->]Streptopelia [up-->]Macropygia [up-->]Gallicolumba [up-->]Metriopelia [up-->]Petrophassa [up-->]Henicophaps [up-->]Otidiphaps nobilis [up-->]Ducula [up-->]Geotrygon [up-->]Turtur [up-->]Uropelia campestris [up-->]Zenaida [up-->]Patagioenas [up-->]Geopelia [up-->]Leucosarcia melanoleuca [up-->]Raphus cucullatus [up-->]Reinwardtoena [up-->]Columba [up-->]Turacoena extinct icon extinct icon extinct icon Phylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Neoaves Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Relationships after Pereira et al. 2007.  Taxa not included in this analysis are placed incertae sedis.

Containing group: Neoaves

Other Names for Columbidae

References

Baptista, L. F., P. W. Trail, and H. M. Horblit. 1997. Family Columbidae (pigeons and doves). Pages 60243 in Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4. Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal, eds. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.

Crome, F. and J. Shields. 1992. Parrots and Pigeons of Australia. Angus and Robertson and the National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife, Sydney.

Goodwin, D. 1983. Pigeons and Doves of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Gibbs, D., J. Cox, and E. Barnes. 2001. Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Hardy, J. W., G. B. Reynard, and B. B. Coffey. 1989. Voices of the New World Pigeons and Doves. ARA Records, Gainesville, Florida.

Johnson, K. P. 2004. Deletion bias in avian introns over evolutionary timescales. Molecular Biology and Evoluiton 21:599-602.

Johnson, K. P. and D. H. Clayton. 2000. Nuclear and mitochondrial genes contain similar phylogenetic signal for pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbiformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14:141151.

Johnson, K. P., S. De Kort, K. Dinwoodey, A. C. Mateman, C. ten Cate, C. M. Lessells, and D. H. Clayton. 2001. A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopella and Columba. Auk 118(4):874-887.

Lijtmaer, D. A., B. Mahler, and P. L. Tubaro. 2003. Hybridization and postzygotic isolation patterns in pigeons and doves. Evolution 57(6):1411-1418.

Mahler, B. and P. L. Tubaro. 2001. Relationship between song characters and morphology in New World pigeons. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74(4):533-539.

Pereira, S. L., K. P. Johnson, D. H. Clayton, and A. J. Baker. 2007. Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences Support a Cretaceous Origin of Columbiformes and a Dispersal-Driven Radiation in the Paleogene. Systematic Biology 56(4):656672.

Shapiro, B., D. Sibthorpe, A. Rambaut, J. Austin, G. M. Wragg, O. R. Bininda-Emonds, P. L. Lee, and A. Cooper. 2002. Flight of the dodo. Science 295(5560):1683.

Steadman, D. W. 1997. The historic biogeography and community ecology of Polynesian pigeons and doves. Journal of Biogeography 24(6):737-753.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Streptopelia decaocto
Location Bedfordshire UK
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collared dove
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2005 Steve Makin
Scientific Name Ptilinopus regina
Location Shortland Wetlands, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Marj Kibby
Scientific Name Ducula bicolor bicolor
Location Tangkoko, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Comments park stock
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Pied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula bicolor bicolor
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 Lip Kee Yap
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Columbiformes. Columbidae. Pigeons and Doves. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2007. Columbiformes. Columbidae. Pigeons and Doves. Version 23 September 2007 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Columbidae/26404/2007.09.23 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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