This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Irestedt, M., J. Fjeldså, and P. G. P. Ericson. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of woodcreepers (Aves: Dendrocolaptinae) — incongruence between molecular and morphological data. Journal of Avian Biology 35:280–288.
Marantz, C. A., Aleixo, A, Bevier, L.R. and Patten, M.A. 2003. Family Dendrocolaptidae (woodcreepers). Pp. 358-447 in Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 8. Broadbills to tapaculos.(J. del Hoyo et al., eds.). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Marks, B. D., S. J. Hackett, and A. P. Capparella. 2002. Historical relationships among Neotropical lowland forest areas of endemism as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in the Wedge-billed Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptidae: Glyphorynchus spirurus). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 24:155–167.
Raikow, R. J. 1994. A phylogeny of the woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae). Auk 111:104–114.
Raikow, R. J. 1994. Climbing adaptations in the hindlimb musculature of the woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae). Condor 96(4):1103-1106.
Tubaro, P. L., D. A. Lijtmaer, M. G. Palacios, and C. Kopuchian. 2002. Adaptive modification of tail structure in relation to body mass and buckling in woodcreepers. Condor 104(2):281-296.
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Page: Tree of Life Dendrocolaptidae. Woodcreepers. Authored by John Harshman. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 05 December 2007
- Content changed 22 August 2009
Citing this page:
Harshman, John. 2009. Dendrocolaptidae. Woodcreepers. Version 22 August 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Dendrocolaptidae/67992/2009.08.22 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/