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Andrew V. Z. Brower
Containing group: Satyrini


A large neotropical clade of grass and bamboo-feeding satyrines. There are several apparent subclades- a south-temperate group of genera, and three mainly Andean clades with their main diversity occurring above 2000 m. Many species remain undescribed.


Forster W. 1964. Beitr?ge zur Kenntnis der Insektenfauna Boliviens. XIX. Einleitung Lepidoptera III. Satyridae. Ver?ffentlichungen der zoologischen Staatsammlung M?nchen 3: 81-160, plates 25-33.

Hayward KJ. 1953. Satiridos Argentinos (Lep. Rhop. Satyridae) I. Los generos (excluido Euptychia y Neomaniola). Acta Zool. Lilloana 13: 151-159.

Hayward KJ. 1958. Satiridos Argentinos (Lep. Rhop. Satyridae) II. Los g?neros (continuaci?n). Acta Zool. Lilloana 15: 161-182.

Thieme O. 1905. Monographie der Gattung Pedaliodes Butl. (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Satyridae). Berl. Entom. Zeitschr. 49: 43-141, plates 1-3.

Thieme O. 1907. Monographische bearbeitung der Gattungen Lasiophila Felder, Daedalma Hew., Catargynnis R?ber, Oxeoschistus Butl., Pronophila Westw., Corades Doubl. Hew. (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Satyridae). Berl. Ent. zeit. 51: 99-234, plates 3-5.

Viloria AL. 2003. Historical biogeography and the origins of the satyrine butterflies of the Tropical Andes (Insecta: Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). In: Morrone JJ and Llorente-Bousquets J, eds. Una perspectiva latinoamericana de la biogeograf?a. M?xico, D. F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM. 247-261.

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Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2006. Pronophilina. Version 07 November 2006 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Pronophilina/70804/2006.11.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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