Note

Index to paralarvae on the Tree of Life

Richard E. Young

Listed below are the links to illustrations and/or photographs of paralarvae that can be found on Tree of Life pages.For a more complete coverage of the young stages of cephalopods see: Sweeney, M. J., C. F. E. Roper, K. M. Mangold, M. R. Clarke and S. v. Boletzky (eds.) "Larval" and juvenile cephalopods: A manual for their identification. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 513:1-282.

Decapodiformes
Bathyteuthoidea
    Bathyteuthidae
        Bathyteuthis abyssicola
    Chtenopterygidae
        Chtenopteryx sp.
Oegopsida
    Brachioteuthidae
        Brachioteuthis sp.
    Chiroteuthidae
        Chiroteuthid doratopsis stage
        Asperoteuthis mangoldae
        Chiroteuthis picteti
        Chiroteuthis spoeli
        Chiroteuthis calyx 1
        Chiroteuthis calyx 2
        Grimalditeuthis bonplandi
        Planctoteuthis lippula
        Planctoteuthis danae
    Mastigoteuthidae
        Echinoteuthis famelica
        Magnoteuthis microlucens
        Mastigopsis danae
    Joubiniteuthidae
        Joubiniteuthis portieri
    Magnapinnidae
        Magnapinna pacifica
    Cranchiidae
        Cranchia scabra
        Liocranchia reinhardti
        Liocranchia valdiviae
        Leachia dislocata
        Leachia pacifica
        Bathothauma lyromma
        Helicocranchia pfefferi
        Sandalops melancholicus
        Liguriella podophtalma
        Galiteuthis pacifica
        Galiteuthis phyllura
        Taonius belone
        Taonius borealis
        Megalocranchia fisheri
       Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni
    Cycloteuthidae
        Cycloteuthis sirventi
        Discoteuthis laciniosa
    Ancistrocheiridae
        Ancistrocheirus lesueurii
    Enoploteuthidae
        Enoploteuthis reticulata
        Enoploteuthis higginsi
        Enoploteuthis jonesi
        Abralia trigonura
        Abralia astrosticta
        Abraliopsis sp. A
    Lycoteuthidae
        Lampadioteuthis megaleia
        Selenoteuthis scintillans
    Pyroteuthidae
        Pterygioteuthis microlampas
        Pterygioteuthis giardi
        Pyroteuthis addolux
    Gonatidae
        Berryteuthis anonychus
        Gonatopsis borealis 1
        Gonatopsis borealis 2
        Gonatus berryi
        Gonatus fabricii
        Gonatus madokai
        Gonatus steenstrupi
        Gonatus middendorffi
        Gonatus onyx
    Histioteuthidae
        Histioteuthis/Stigmatoteuthis spp.
    Lepidoteuthidae
        Lepidoteuthis grimaldii
    Octopoteuthidae
        Octopoteuthis neilseni
        Taningia danae
    Pholidoteuthidae
        Pholidoteuthis massyae
    Neoteuthidae
        Neoteuthis sp.
    Ommastrephidae
        Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis
        Hyaloteuthis pelagica
        Ommastrephes bartramii
        Eucleoteuthis luminosa
        Nototodarus hawaiiensis
    Onychoteuthidae           
        Onychoteuthis compacta
        cf. Onychoteuthis prolata
        cf. Onychoteuthis aequimanus
        Onykia sp. A
    Thysanoteuthidae
        Thysanoteuthis rhombus
Spirulida
    Spirulidae
        Spirula spirula

Octopodiformes
Vampyromorpha
    Vampyroteuthidae
        Vampyroteuthis infernalis
Octopoda
Incirrata
Argonautoidea
    Alloposidae
        Haliphron atlanticus
    Tremoctopodidae
        Tremoctopus spp.
    Argonautidae
        Argonauta argo
    Ocythoidae
        Ocythoe tuberculata
Octopodoidea
    Octopodidae
        Octopus cyanea
    Amphitretidae
        Amphitretus pelagic
        Bolitaena pygmaea
        Japetella diaphana
        Vitreledonella richardi

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University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Richard E. Young at

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